The following is an outline of sequential obedience commands used by the behavior department at the University of Pennsylvania Veterinary Hospital to help clients train their pets.
* hold thumb out and say "touch", when dog touches thumb with nose, reward with treat
* change to using the palm of your hand with "touch" command, reward with treat when dog touches your palm with its nose.
* then use an inanimate object such as a plastic lid, can then place the lid and command the dog to "touch", dog needs to go to lid to receive reward
* tell dog to "look", when makes eye contact, give treat. May initially need to hold treat up by eyes to establish eye contact with command.
* begin with using a treat, hold the treat over the top of the dog's nose to get the dog to naturally sit back and then reward the dog
* don't physically push the dog into the sit position, it needs to learn on its own
* don't use the "sit" command until dog successfully masters the behavior, otherwise may associate the command with behaviors it was doing before it learned to sit
* praise correct response to "stay" command with a single finger scratch - don't overexcite dog with praise or will break response
* use "touch" command and hand held to your side to have dog touch palm with nose, reward with treat
* dog will have to "heal" in order to obey "touch" command
* when dog behaves inappropriately, disassociate yourself from the dog, ignore the dog, do not yell or physically intimidate the dog
* inappropriate punishment can lead to behavior disorders or worsening of current behavior disorders
TABLE SCRAPS AND TREATS
* do not give a dog any sort of treat with out first instructing the dog to "sit" or do something else it knows how to do
* only reward proper responses to commands
* excessive treats and human food can lead to obesity and obesity-related health problems
DOGS THAT "JUMP UP"
* attention seeking behavior
* redirect the behavior à ask to sit before can exhibit behavior
* ignore and step back when dog jumps up - disengage from dog
* don't physically engage with dog to get it down
* if you don't seem exciting to the dog, it will stop
CATS ON COUNTERS
* leaving food on a counter that a cat has access to is like a reward for the cat to get on the counter
* try placing an upside down carpet runner on your counters, cats tend to dislike the feel of it on their feet
* be consistent with your discipline - if you are only their reprimanding the cat 30% of the time when it jumps up on the counter, it won't be enough to discourage the cat the 70% of the time you are not there.